Distributed Cognitions: Psychological and Educational Considerations (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives)
Traditionally, human cognition has been seen and studied as existing solely "inside" a person, irrelevant to the social, physical, and artifactual context in which cognition takes place. This book reexamines the nature of cognition and proposes that a clearer understanding of human cognition would be achieved if it were conceptualized and studied as distributed among individuals; knowledge is socially constructed through collaborative efforts toward shared objectives within cultural surroundings, and that information is processed among individuals and the tools and artifacts provided by culture. The contributors to this thought-provoking text enhance their arguments by offering examples from daily life and educational activities. Researchers in a number of social and scientific fields will welcome this book.
The Halbjuden of Hitler's Germany were half Christian and half Jewish but, like the rest of the Mischlinge (or "partial-Jews"), were far too Jewish in the eyes of the Nazis. Thus, while they were allowed for a time to coexist with the rest of German society, they were granted only the most marginal or menial jobs, restricted from marrying Aryans or even leading normal social lives, and sent eventually to forced-labor and concentration camps. More than 70,000 Germans were subjected to these restrictions and indignities, created and fostered by Hitler's morally bankrupt race laws, yet to this day few personal accounts of their experiences exist.James Tent movingly recounts how these men and women from all over Germany and from all walks of life struggled to survive in an increasingly hostile society, even as their Jewish relatives were disappearing into the East. It draws on extensive interviews with twenty survivors, many of whom were teenagers when Hitler came to power, to show how "half Jews" coped with conditions on a day-to-day basis, and how the legacy of the hatred they suffered has forever lingered in their minds.Tent provides gripping stories of life beneath the boot-heel of Nazi rule: a woman deemed unsuited for a career in nursing because the shape of her earlobes and breasts indicated she was not "racially suited," a man arrested for "race defilement" because he lived with an Aryan woman, and many others. Writing with a deep and abiding respect for his subjects, Tent shows how Nazi discrimination and persecution affected the lives of the Mischlinge beginning in 1933, and he tells how such treatment intensified through the later years of the war. These testimonies offer rare insight into how Nazi persecution functioned at a very personal level. Tent's witnesses share experiences in school and problems in the workplace, where the best survival strategy was to find an unobtrusive niche in a nondescript job. They tell of obstacles to personal and romantic relationships. And they soberly remind us that by 1944 they too were rounded up for forced labor, certain to be the next victims of Nazi genocide.In the Shadow of the Holocaust demonstrates the lengths to which the Nazis were willing to go in order to eradicate Judaism—a fanaticism that increased over time and even in the face of impending military defeat. These people mostly survived the Holocaust, yet they paid for their re-assimilation into German society by remaining silent in the face of haunting memories. This book breaks that silence and is a testament to human endurance under the most trying circumstances.
The personal naming of military aircraft in the Vietnam War is not unique in American history. What is unique is the near total lack of documentation of the existence of those names on in-country Army helicopters during the 1961-'73 conflict in S. E. Asia. This book remedies that once and for all! -Over 3,000 Army copter names cross-referenced by Unit -Details on Origin, Time Period, Location, Function, Type, Serial Number, Artist, Crew and more -More than 2,000 contributor names listed and cross-referenced -Perfect for veterans, hobbyists, historical researchers, KIA families, sociologists, aviation enthusiasts and students of Americana-just to name a few -Includes 40 rare photographs U.S. Army Helicopter Names in Vietnam provides an essential and heretofore missing puzzle piece in helping to identify and better understand our warrior brothers, fathers, uncles, sons and friends who manned these incredible flying machines in the skies of Vietnam.
Apples and Ashes: Literature, Nationalism, and the Confederate States of America (The New Southern Studies)
Apples and Ashes offers the first literary history of the Civil War South. The product of extensive archival research, it tells an expansive story about a nation struggling to write itself into existence. Confederate literature was in intimate conversation with other contemporary literary cultures, especially those of the United States and Britain. Thus, Coleman Hutchison argues, it has profound implications for our understanding of American literary nationalism and the relationship between literature and nationalism more broadly.Apples and Ashes is organized by genre, with each chapter using a single text or a small set of texts to limn a broader aspect of Confederate literary culture. Hutchison discusses an understudied and diverse archive of literary texts including the literary criticism of Edgar Allan Poe; southern responses to Uncle Tom’s Cabin; the novels of Augusta Jane Evans; Confederate popular poetry; the de facto Confederate national anthem, “Dixie”; and several postwar southern memoirs. In addition to emphasizing the centrality of slavery to the Confederate literary imagination, the book also considers a series of novel topics: the reprinting of European novels in the Confederate South, including Charles Dickens’s Great Expectations and Victor Hugo’s Les Misérables; Confederate propaganda in Europe; and postwar Confederate emigration to Latin America.In discussing literary criticism, fiction, poetry, popular song, and memoir, Apples and Ashes reminds us of Confederate literature’s once-great expectations. Before their defeat and abjection—before apples turned to ashes in their mouths—many Confederates thought they were in the process of creating a nation and a national literature that would endure.
WHICH CAME FIRST? The chicken or the egg? Simple die-cuts magically present transformation-- from seed to flower, tadpole to frog, caterpillar to butterfly. The acclaimed author of Black? White! Day? Night! and Lemons Are Not Red gives an entirely fresh and memorable presentation to the concepts of transformation and creatiity. Seed becomes flower, paint becomes picture, word becomes story--and the commonplace becomes extraordinary as children look through and turn the pages of this novel and winning book. First the Egg is a 2008 Caldecott Honor Book and a 2007 New York Times Book Review Best Illustrated Book of the Year.
Chapters: Our religious heritage. What is Odinism? Ancestor worship. Our earliest ancestors. The Indo-Europeans. Three lost Indo-European tribes. The nation of Odin. Religion, mythology, gods. Odin. "Pagan", "heathen" and "cretin". Odinist evolution. Odinist cosmology. The Odinist soul. Pagan afterlife. Clash of values. Rise of intolerance. Heathen victims of Christianity. Æthelfrith. Destruction of the Saxons. Odinist vengeance. Fall of Scandinavia. Þorgeir's terrible choice. Odinism on the Borders. Christian economic strategy. Odinism in Christian churches. Period of Dual Faith: Women. Period of Dual Faith: Chartres Cathedral. Folk customs: Yule. Anglo-Saxondom and cognitive dissonance. Proto-Odinists: Jefferson. Swinburne. Murray. Wagner. Australian "paganism". Limits of proto-Odinism. Odinist pioneers: Rud Mills. Evelyn Price. Ann Lennon. Else Christensen. Alec Christensen. Limits of early modern Odinism. Odinist transvaluation of values. Toward tomorrow.
Well known historian, Pierre Moulin, published successively "US Samourais en Lorraine", "Chronicle of Bruyeres-in-Vosges" in French, "50th anniversary of the liberation of Vosges", "US Samurais in Bruyeres" in French and English and many others. He was made honorary citizen of Hawaii, San Antonio Texas and Fresno California. On the summary of this historical and pictorial book (295 pictures), you will find the true story of Dachau from 1933 to nowadays. For the first time, the real role played in the liberation of the death camp's prisoners by the Japanese American Unit, the 522nd Field Artillery. The Holocaust with all its horror shows the "Jewish Final Solution". The survivors of the Shoa, the Righteous Among the nations and for the first time published, the story of the diplomats saving Jews in Visas for Life. More than 60 years ago, on April 29th, 1945, Dachau was liberated and the entire world was in shock in front of this unbelievable reality. Today, the young generation doesn't even known the name of Hitler! This book is for them and their parents to keep the story alive. Their world is bristling with traps and we would be responsible if we don't prepare them as best as we could. To inform our children is our duty. We have to remain vigilant and prove again and again those facts happened. This bloody page of "inhumanity" should not be forgotten. Wishing the men took the lesson of the History, the last words of this book, were "Never Again", but...Dachau, Holocaust and U.S. Samurais is a non-fiction telling the story of the Holocaust (the Final Solution of the Jewish question) and especially the history of the first Nazi concentration camp (Dachau) from 1933 to 1945 222 pages in pictures. The role played at the liberation by the Samurais of the 522nd Field Artillery battalion of the US Army composed exclusively by Americans of Japanese Ancestry who came from Concentration camps in the USA. The statistics of the Holocaust but also the story of the Righteous Amo
Focusing on routines as basic as going to school and cooking and cleaning, Voices of Civil War America: Contemporary Accounts of Daily Life explores the lives of ordinary Americans during one of the nation's most tumultuous eras. The book emphasizes the ordinary rather than the momentous to help students achieve a true understanding of mid-19th-century American culture and society.Recognizing that there is no better way to learn history than to allow those who lived it to speak for themselves, the authors utilize primary documents to depict various aspects of daily life, including politics, the military, economics, domestic life, material culture, religion, intellectual life, and leisure. Each of the documents is augmented by an introduction and aftermath, as well as lists of topics to consider and questions to ask.
Gerard W. Gawalt has collected essays that explore the critical period in the development of the legal profession from 1865 to 1900, when law replaced religion as the controlling element in American society and lawyers clearly established themselves as the formulators, advocates, and arbiters of the law. The authors of these essays explore the extent of the legal profession's involvement in the growth of industrial America, focusing on the state of the profession in various geographic regions and on the profession's institutions and plans for education, regulation, reform, and practice in the period after the Civil War. They address the central question of how the nature and structure of the legal profession was molded by the growth of urban-industrial society and argue that the profession not only adapted, but pioneered and adopted many of the aspects of the new industrialism.
The Silverplate Bombers: A History and Registry of the Enola Gay and Other B-29s Configured to Carry
In the year that World War II began, Albert Einstein sent his famous letter to President Roosevelt regarding the feasibility of a revolutionary uranium bomb. What was considered infeasible at the time was the development of aircraft sufficient to harbor and transport the atomic explosive. This book documents the development and delivery of the Silverplate B-29 bomber, the remarkable airplane with capabilities that surpassed those of known enemy fighters of the time and was employed to release the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima in 1945. The basic history of the Silverplate B-29, from conception to successful development, is set forth in the early chapters, which discuss the then secret work of the 509th Composite Group at Wendover Army Air Field, on the Marianas Island of Tinian, and at Roswell Army Air Field. Subsequent chapters discuss the Los Alamos test program, Silverplate B-29 combat operations, the Air Force bases from which the aircraft operated, accidents associated with operations and details of the various classes of atomic bombs carried. Concluding chapters give special attention to the members of the 509th, who were responsible for dropping the bombs and whose efforts brought an end to World War II, provided the backbone of America's nuclear deterrent force in the years after the war, and opened the Atomic Age. Information available in the seven appendices includes, among other things, a chronology of events surrounding the development of the Silverplate bomber and the atomic bomb, a Silverplate B-29 mission list, and individual Silverplate B-29 histories. The story of this special bomber is accompanied by many never before published photographs of Silverplate B-29's and the men who flew them and includes a foreword by Paul W. Tibbets, the pilot of the Enola Gay on the Hiroshima mission.
In this updated, revised, and expanded third edition of Designing Resistance Training Programs, two of the world's leading experts on strength training explore how to use scientific knowledge to develop personalized training programs. With this text, you'll be able to- design scientifically sound resistance training programs,- modify and adapt programs to meet the needs of special populations, and- understand how exercise prescription design works in the real world.Designing Resistance Training Programs, Third Edition, is a clear, readable, state-of-the-art guide to developing individualized training programs for both athletes and fitness enthusiasts. The authors cover resistance training; bioenergetics; and muscular, nervous, and cardiovascular systems adaptations. They also discuss basic training systems and program prescriptions designed to enhance strength, power, and endurance. The new edition contains three chapters dedicated to resistance training issues and concerns for children, women, and seniors, including how to modify and adapt such programs to address the special needs and concerns for each group.Designing Resistance Training Programs, Third Edition, also contains these updated features: - Summaries recap the important points in each chapter for readers who want a quick review.- Key terms are highlighted and listed at the end of each chapter to help readers identify the most important ideas.- Selected readings provide additional books and journal articles for more in-depth knowledge on the subject.- Case studies use examples of exercise prescription design in real-life situations involving wrestling, personal fitness, and volleyball. This updated and expanded new edition will be an important tool for coaches, trainers, and students who want to improve their knowledge and success in designing resistance training programs.
Selected as the Sunday Times History Book of the Year for 2012, this is a meticulous work of scholarship from the foremost historian of 20th-century Spain. The culmination of more than a decade of research, 'The Spanish Holocaust' seeks to reflect the intense horrors visited upon Spain during its ferocious civil war, the consequences of which still reverberate bitterly today. The brutal, murderous persecution of Spaniards between 1936 and 1945 is a truth that should have been told long ago. Paul Preston here offers the first comprehensive picture of what he terms "the Spanish Holocaust": mass extra-judicial murder of some 200,000 victims, cursory military trials, torture, the systematic abuse of women and children, sweeping imprisonment, the horrors of exile. Those culpable for crimes committed on both sides of the Civil War are named; their victims identified. 'The Spanish Holocaust' illuminates one of the darkest, least-known eras of modern European history.
Love, Passion and Patriotism is an intimate account of the lives and experiences of a renowned group of young Filipino patriots, the men whose propaganda campaign was a catalyst for the country's revolt against Spain.José Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Graciano López Jaena, and the brothers Juan and Antonio Luna were talented writers, artists, and scientists who resided in Europe during the 1880s and 1890s. As expatriates they were free from the social constraints of their own society and eager to explore all that Europe had to offer. Their studies exposed them to scientific discourse on the body and new categorizations of pathology and disease, knowledge which they used to challenge the religious obscurantism and folk superstition they saw in their country.Their experience of modern life in Europe also radically reshaped their ideas of sex and the sexual nature of Filipino women. Raquel A. G. Reyes uses the paintings, photographs, political writings, novels, and letters of the propagandistas to show the moral contradictions inherent in their passionate patriotism and their struggle to come to terms with the relative sexual freedom of European women, which they found both alluring and sordid. Provoked by racism and allegations of effeminacy and childishness, they displayed their manliness and urbanity through fashionable European dress, careful grooming and deportment, and demonstrated their courage and virility through fencing, pistol-shooting, and dueling.Raquel A. G. Reyes is a British Academy post-doctoral research fellow at the School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of London.
Documentary History of the First Federal Congress of the United States of America, March 4, 1789-March 3, 1791: Petition Histories: Revolutionary War-Related Claims (Volume 7)
Volume VII presents the histories and documentary record of over 400 Revolutionary War-related petitions presented to the First Federal Congress. The documents reveal much about the official reaction towards the plight of those who suffered to secure independence, but they also tell the fascinating stories of individual soldiers.
This study based on the movie COURAGEOUS will take individuals and small groups deeper into biblical truths for a godly family, exploring topics such as redeeming your history, walking withintegrity, winning and blessing the hearts of your children, and more. It allows spouses to study together and make new commitments as parents. It also helps build family and group relationships. Every session involves watching a clip from the movie to help group members engage in discussion. And daily readings from The Resolution for Men and The Resolution for Women will help you connect with God and His best plan for your family. (8 sessions)Each Leader Kit includes: Teaching clips w/intros DVD The Resolution for Men The Resolution for Women Small-group Member Book CD-ROM with a variety of helps, forms, articles, and extras
Battalion Commanders at War: U.S. Army Tactical Leadership in the Mediterranean Theater, 1942-1943 (Modern War Studies)
Most histories of the U.S. Army in World War II view the Mediterranean Theater of Operations primarily as a deadly training ground for very green forces, where lessons learned on the beaches of Oran, in the hills of the Kasserine Pass area, and at the collapse of the Tunis bridgehead all contributed to later success in Western Europe. Steven Barry, however, contends that victory in the MTO would not have materialized without the leadership of battalion-level commanders. They operated at a high level, despite the lack of combat experience for themselves and their troops, ineffective leadership at higher levels, and deficiencies in equipment, organization, and mobilization.Barry portrays these officers as highly trained, adaptable, and courageous in their first combat experiences in North Africa and Sicily. Their leadership, he argues, brought discipline, maturity, experience, and the ability to translate common operational guidance into tactical reality, and thus contributed significantly to battlefield success in North Africa and Sicily in 1942-1943. To explain how this happened, he examines their prewar experiences, including professional military education and unit training exercises; personal factors such as calmness and physical resilience under fire; and the ability to draw upon doctrine, creatively apply the resources at their disposal, and clearly define and communicate mission goals and means. He also reveals how battalion leaders incorporated technological innovations into combined arms maneuvers by employing tank capabilities and close air support doctrine.As Barry's assessment shows, these battalion commanders were not the sole reason for the Allied triumph in North Africa and Sicily, but victory would not have been possible without the special brand of military leadership they exhibited throughout those campaigns. Under their leadership, even inexperienced units were able to deliver credible combat performance, and without the regular army battalion leaders, U.S. units could not have functioned tactically early in the war. One of the few studies to focus on tactical adaptation at the battalion level in conventional warfare, Barry's book attests to the pivotal value of professional military education-and makes an important contribution to today's "organizational learning" debate-while providing an in-depth view of adaptation of U.S. infantry and armored forces in 1942-1943.
Nelson in Naples : a journal for June 10-30, 1799; refuting recent misstatements of Captain Mahan an
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The Holocaust Hoax Exposed: Debunking the 20th Century's Biggest Lie (Revisionist Handbook Series, 1)
Holocaust research is a dangerous business. Today, if a book similar to this one were published in Europe, its author would be arrested and imprisoned. The crime: questioning the holocaust tale. Indeed, researchers have endured solitary confinement, brutal beatings by assailants, ongoing harassment, lengthy court battles, career suicide and media attacks directed against them--all because they presented a Revisionist history of this pivotal event. Other Revisionist writers have been the victims of hate crimes, extensive smear campaigns, fines and death threats. The perpetrators behind these police state tactics are part of an entire holocaust industry devoted to suppressing factual data in favor of peddling heavy-handed doses of error-laden propaganda. "The Holocaust Hoax Exposed" dissects every element of what has become the 20th century's most grotesque conspiracy. Covered in this book is the mythology surrounding "death camps," the truth about Zyklon B, Anne Frank's fable, how the absurd "6 million" figure has become a laughing stock and much more. The holocaust industry has become a tyrannical dictatorship that incessantly manipulates, distorts, marginalizes and manufactures false conclusions to prop up their sinking ship. By taking their hysterical obsessions to psychopathic levels, the charlatans behind this ruse make it glaringly apparent how weak the foundation of their argument is.